Appropriate treatment for children with upper respiratory infections
Typical upper respiratory infections, or URIs, are usually viral, and consequently, do not benefit from antibiotics. You can help reduce antibiotic resistance through the following proper prescribing practices:
Antibiotics should NOT be prescribed for children 3 months-18 years diagnosed with ONLY upper respiratory infection diagnosis.
Principles of Appropriate Treatment
If the diagnosis is URI or Nasopharyngitis, antibiotics should generally NOT be prescribed. If there is a secondary diagnosis such as a bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract [e.g., Sinusitis (acute or chronic), Strep tonsillitis (with confirmatory Strep test), etc.], then antibiotics are appropriate and the second diagnosis should be billed for.