Well-child visits: Ages 13-17 years

BMI: What's your number?

Body mass index (BMI) tells whether or not your weight is right for your height. It also gives an idea of how much body fat you have and assesses your risk of someday developing diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and some cancers.

Antibiotics aren't the answer to everything

Most illnesses are caused by either bacteria or viruses. Antibiotics can cure illnesses caused by bacteria, such as pneumonia or sinus infections. However, they don't cure the common cold, or flu. With these illnesses, you just have to ride it out—get lots of rest and drink plenty of fluids. So, what's the harm if you do take antibiotics when they're not needed? It can make some bacteria stronger and harder to kill, which can result in more severe illnesses that even antibiotics can't cure. To prevent this, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) urges people to take antibiotics only when needed.

For more tips, visit the CDC website, or call 800.CDC.INFO.

Feelings of anxiety, nervousness, and stress

It's normal to have feelings of anxiety, nervousness, and stress from time to time. Here are some ways to help you manage those feelings:

  • Learn relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation or yoga. Relaxation techniques have a calming effect on both the body and mind. Avoid alcohol, drugs or tobacco since they can create a false sense of temporary relaxation and have dangerous, long lasting effects on the body that will cause more harm than good in the long run.
  • Get plenty of sleep, fuel and exercise. A balanced life is a healthy life. Choosing healthy fruits, vegetables, lean protein and whole grains and getting plenty of sleep will give you the energy you need to handle life's ups and downs.
  • Get some fresh air. A walk in the park or a bike ride can help anyone feel peaceful and grounded.
  • Think positive. Where do you see yourself in 5 years? 10? Set positive goals and develop a plan to help you achieve them.
  • Spend quality time with family and friends. Talking with someone who listens and cares will help you remember that you're not alone.

If your feelings of anxiety don't seem to go away, talk to your doctor about getting support—they are trained to help.

What's the difference between the flu and a cold?


  • Feel achy
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat (maybe)


  • Stuffy nose
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Headache (maybe)

Health tips

To prevent a cold:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Cover your cough
  • Sneeze into your sleeve, not your hands

To prevent the flu, do all of the above AND:

Get a flu shot every year in the fall. Any child with asthma, diabetes, heart problems, or a chronic condition needs a flu shot and a pneumonia shot. Ask your doctor what is best for your child.

Are your child's immunizations up-to-date?

Check out our Preventive Health Care Guidelines or ask your doctor.